This Sunday is Easter Sunday (a.k.a. Resurrection Sunday)! On this day, we have an opportunity to celebrate the victorious, glorious resurrection of our God, King, and Savior – the Lord Jesus Christ. We will also mark this special day with the baptisms of an incredible couple, Sam & Mariah Johnson. Check out their testimonies of salvation below…
Hi! My name is Sam and I’m 28 years old. I was born in Texas but raised in Kansas. I joined the Army at 17 and I was stationed in Kentucky. While in Kentucky, I began to go to church regularly at Mt. Zion Baptist Church. While attending this church, I encountered a man named Butch, who was one of the deacons. I believe Jesus put Butch into my life in order to lead me to salvation. I later moved to Kansas where I didn’t attend a church and fell into a sinful life. After a brief suicidal thought, I got out of the Army and moved to Iowa, where I met Mariah. Mariah and I got married in the summer of 2020. We currently have a dog and a puppy. Jesus used Mariah (like He used Butch) to point me towards being saved and to live a better life. I have since come to understand and believe that I am a sinner and Jesus died for my sins. In the future, Mariah and I plan to start a family and continue to live a life together for the Lord.
My name is Mariah Johnson. Growing up, I went to Sunday School while my grandmother attended church. Then, in 4th grade, I began to attend a Wednesday Youth Group, but the focus seemed to be more on games and team building. So, in 7th grade, I began to attend Youth Group at a different church with a friend. This is when I understood the need for a Savior and began my walk with Christ. I later met Sam while volunteering at a camp for individuals with disabilities, and we got married three years later. We look forward to starting a family and raising our kids in the church while continuing to serve the Lord.
Many of you know and appreciate the pastors and deacons of PFBC. But did you know that we have so many other incredible servants out here on the prairie? Below are the PFBC Committee Members, serving you and our church family this year. Please be in prayer for these folks as they serve…
Worship Music Committee:
Lisa Van Der Molen
Constitution Review Team:
Some Miscellaneous Positions:
Nursery/Child Care Coordinator – Heather Cotner
Head Usher/Director of Security – Jerry Dunbar
Church Librarian – Aline Schipper
IRBC Messenger – Pastor Tim
Food Fellowship Coordinator – Nancy Wilson
This is the second part of a two part series looking at the diversity, depth, and divine promise of the Great Commission. In part one, several Great Commission passages were listed in chronological order. It was observed that it was given in an incremental and repetitive manner to impart the importance and each instance highlighted a specific emphasis and mandate.
Now, in part two, this article is going to synthesize the passages to have a more robust view of the task and some practical next steps to be better equipped to fulfill the mandates of the Great Commission.
You can read part one here.
But as a recap from part one, check out this image…
On a practical level, how does this help us?
The individual emphasises provide clarity in seeking to pursue fulfilling the Great Commission…
- The Model (John 20:21) – We are to look to the Lord Jesus for our model of ministry. Jesus has a pattern laid out in the New Testament for engaging in the task given by the Father.
- The Magnitude (Mark 16:15) – Jesus continues the narrative of the Old Testament that the knowledge of God’s glory is to cover the earth as the water covers the sea. He clearly indicates that it is to go into all the world and into all creation. Stopping short of that goal is settling for less than a biblical vision of the Great Commission.
- The Method (Matthew 28:18-20) – Jesus had spent his 3 year ministry investing in a few. Not only does Jesus tell us that He is our model, but he is emphasizing the method of making disciples, baptizing, and teaching obedience… to all nations.
- The Message (Luke 24:46-48) – Jesus wanted to ensure that the message His disciples were carrying was clear and concise. We are to carry a message of repentance and forgiveness of sins in the name of Jesus… to all nations.
- The Means (Acts 1:8) – We can not do this in our own power. Any attempt to fulfill the Great Commission without the power of God through His Spirit is more about the individual and his/her pride and self-glorification than the glory of God to all nations. Walking out the Great Commission is really about walking boldly in the Spirit carrying the message of the gospel to the whole world, making disciples as Jesus modeled.
This should help you see the diversity and depth of the Great Commission, but what about the divine promise?
Jesus in his Olivet Discourse gives the reader a glimpse into the end of times. In Matthew 24:14, we see not a commission, but a divine promise…
Matthew 24:14 (ESV)
14 And this gospel of the kingdom will be proclaimed throughout the whole world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come.
John writing about the heavenly vision sees the fulfillment of this divine promise…
Revelation 7:9-12 (ESV)
9 After this I looked, and behold, a great multitude that no one could number, from every nation, from all tribes and peoples and languages, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed in white robes, with palm branches in their hands,
10 and crying out with a loud voice, “Salvation belongs to our God who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb!”
11 And all the angels were standing around the throne and around the elders and the four living creatures, and they fell on their faces before the throne and worshiped God,
12 saying, “Amen! Blessing and glory and wisdom and thanksgiving and honor and power and might be to our God forever and ever! Amen.”
So what now? Let’s come back to the 5 ‘M”s…
- Model – Do you know Jesus’ model of ministry? A helpful tool that many have recognized in the gospels (and the Book of Acts) is the 4 Fields of Kingdom Growth. Learn more about it here.
- Magnitude – Do you have a vision for all peoples and all nations? Here are some resources that will grow your vision and understanding of unreached people groups and the status of the world.
- Method – Do you have a method that is simple, reproducible and teaches people to obey all the commands of Christ. Several people find a simple 3 part pattern of discipleship to be a great tool to make and multiply disciples. Learn more here.
- Message – Do your church members (all of them) have a simple, reproducible, clear and concise gospel presentation? If not, check out this gospel tool.
- Means – You can grasp all of the other parts, but if you miss the Power of the Spirit you’ve missed the point. God throughout history has been in the business of making His name known. Now we live in the age of the Spirit. Lets walk in the power of the Spirit. If you’re looking for a practical teaching to help you understand how that looks. Check out this book.
Would you take the next step? Start with viewing your ministry through these five emphasizes and evaluate the work according to what Jesus has called his disciples to be about!
The Great Commission is a common phrase in most evangelical circles. Although, in a recent study by Barna Group, when asked of church goers, “Have you heard of the Great Commission?” 51% said no. And 25% said yes, but “I can’t recall the exact meaning”.
This is an alarming statistic, but we should have known this. The fruit of this statistic has been playing out in the decline of Western Christianity for decades. When asked about the content of the Great Commission, most people will reference Matthew 28:19-20 or quote a portion of it.
“Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.” Mt. 28:19-20 ESV
This is a great Great Commission passage. Although, this provides a narrowed focus of the task Jesus left us. To overcome the lack of knowledge of the Great Commission among church goers, church leaders need to expound on the diversity, depth, and divine promise that is in the Great Commission. (See pastor, I just alliterated for you…)
The purpose of this two-part series is to show you the diversity, depth, and divine promise of the Great Commission. In doing so, it will show that there are actually several Great Commission passages that were said by Jesus at different times. Each Great Commission passage also has a specific mandate and emphasis. Part one will list the passages with some contextual background. Part two will help the reader synthesize these passages to have a more robust view of the task and some practical next steps to be better equipped to fulfill the mandates of the Great Commission.
Here are five Great Commission passages listed in biblical order:
- Matthew 28:18-20
- Mark 16:15
- Luke 24:44-49
- John 20:21
- Acts 1:8
You may be familiar with these passages above. It’s a common assumption that each of the passages are really the same message recorded differently by each of the gospel writers. However, these passages were actually all given at different times over the 40 days between Jesus’ resurrection and ascension. You will also discover that the biblical order of the gospels doesn’t provide the chronological order. The passages once viewed separately and in sequential chronological order provide some great insight to the task of the Great Commission.
Let’s look at the passages in chronological order and make some observations.
1. John 20:21 ESV
“Jesus said to them again, ‘Peace be with you. As the Father has sent me, even so I am sending you.'”
Where was it spoken? Jerusalem
When was it spoken? Night of the resurrection (v19)
Who originally heard it? 10 disciples (v24)
What was the mandate? “So I am sending you” (v21)
What was the emphasis? The Model (v21)
2. Mark 16:15 (ESV)
“And he said to them, ‘Go into all the world and proclaim the gospel to the whole creation.‘”
Where was it spoken? Jerusalem
When was it spoken? 8 days after the resurrection
Who originally heard it? 11 disciples (v14)
What was the mandate? “Go into all the world…the whole creation” (v15)
What was the emphasis? The Magnitude (v15)
3. Matthew 28:19 ESV
“Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit…”
Where was it spoken? Mountain in Galilee
When was it spoken? Likely 11-14 days after the resurrection
Who originally heard it? 11 disciples (v16)
What was the mandate? “Make disciples” (v19)
What was the emphasis? The Method (v19)
4. Luke 24:46-48 ESV
“And said to them, ‘Thus it is written, that the Christ should suffer and on the third day rise from the dead, and that repentance and forgiveness of sins should be proclaimed in his name to all nations, beginning from Jerusalem. You are witnesses of these things.'”
Where was it spoken? Jerusalem
When was it spoken? Day of the ascension (v50)
Who originally heard it? 11 disciples (v33)
What was the mandate? Proclaim “repentance and forgiveness of sins” (v47)
What was the emphasis? The Message (v47)
5. Acts 1:8 ESV
“But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth.”
Where was it spoken? Mount of Olives
When was it spoken? Moments before the ascension (v9)
Who originally heard it? 11 disciples (maybe more) (v13)
What was the mandate? “You will receive power” (v8)
What was the emphasis? The Means (v8)
The contextual clues show us that Jesus expressed the expectation of his followers to carry on His ministry. He, also, provides a repetitive and incremental communication of information, where each instance highlights a specific mandate and emphasis.
So, what now?
In Part 2, we’ll look at synthesizing these passages and further defining the diversity, depth, and divine promise of the Great Commission…
Earlier this week, my Mom and Dad came up from Florida to visit me here in Iowa. In full honesty, they were actually here to visit with their grandkids, especially their newest grandson, Derrick. But still, I think they enjoyed seeing me and my wife as well.
Being from Florida, my parents practically froze to death out here on the prairie with our temps being in the upper 40’s. I assured them that this has been the warmest weather that Iowa has seen in months, but with their bodies use to the balmy temps of the Florida panhandle, my factual perspective was met with comedic skepticism. I mean, how could the 40’s of Iowa be considered warm when they had just come from the land of sunshine with the temps in the upper 70’s and 80’s? Perspective is key.
You know, the same is true with our evangelism endeavors…Perspective is key. Often, we communicate the Gospel message in ways that are factual, but the way we present the information falls on deaf ears. Why is that?
Well, as I was talking with my Dad (a chaplain at a men’s home in Pensacola, FL), he revealed something fascinating. He mentioned that different personality types often hear the Gospel message in different ways. When we force one style of the Gospel message on the hearer, we are often met with frustrating results. My Dad explained that there are three main personality types, with three main ways of looking at life, and that we should strive to communicate the life-saving message of the Gospel in line with each of these unique personalities…He explains that…
There are those who view life as a “puzzle to be figured out.” These are people that see other people (and life itself) “as mysteries to be solved.” On the positive side of the equation, such people tend to be wowed and amazed by life and often become our scientists and doctors. On the negative side of the equation, such people tend to be very skeptical, scared, and isolated from others. Such people need the Gospel explained to them through the lens of “puzzle” or “mystery”. For instance, they need to be told that the God who loves them and wishes to redeem them is a God who can never really be figured out and His ways, though wonderful and amazing, are often very “mysterious…”
Then there are those people who view life as a “battle to be won.” These are people that see other people (and life itself) in terms of “enemies or allies.” On the positive side of the equation, such people tend to become our societal heroes, our soldiers and law enforcement officers. But on the negative side of the equation, such people can become our society’s criminals, abusers, or manipulators. Such people need the radical message of the Gospel to be explained to them in terms of the “spiritual battle” that rages all around us. For instance, these folks need serious illustrations in your Gospel presentation to them of the awfulness of sin, the darkness of the world, and the glorious Light of the World that has conquered and won the battle over sin and Satan.
Then, finally, there are those people who view life as a “gift to be given away.” These are people that see other people (and life itself) as an “opportunity to serve.” On the positive side of the equation, such people tend to go into the helping professions and become clergy or social workers. On the negative side of the equation, such people can become enablers, controllers, or abusive leaders. Such a personality type needs the message of the Gospel explained through the lens of a “gift.” For instance, they need to be told how much God gave to them and how loving He is to all of us who “call upon the name of the Lord…”
Interesting, is it not? At the very least, it gives you cause for pause. Now, I want to be crystal clear, these personality types are not Gospel-gold. These are merely categories of perspective to help you as you navigate the difficult waters of sharing your faith with your family and friends. So, I would challenge you (like my Dad challenged me), which personality type are you? Are you primarily the “puzzler”, the “battler”, or the “gifter”? And which personality type are you actively sharing the Gospel with right now? Are you the “battler” personality trying to share the Gospel with a “gifter”? Perhaps you’re a “puzzler” trying to share the Gospel with a “battler”? The point is this, we should strive to be like the Apostle Paul, who said, “Although I am a free man and not anyone’s slave, I have made myself a slave to everyone, in order to win more people. To the Jews I became like a Jew, to win Jews; to those under the law, like one under the law – though I myself am not under the law – to win those under the law. To those who are without that law, like one without the law – not being without God’s law but within Christ’s law – to win those without the law. To the weak I became weak, in order to win the weak. I have become all things to all people, so that I may by every possible means save some. Now I do all this because of the gospel, so I may become a partner in its benefits” (1 Cor. 9:19-23).
“You are from God, little children, and you have conquered them, because the One who is in you is greater than the one who is in the world.” – 1 John 4:4
What should we do with our expectations? We need to look no further than the story of Goldilocks and the three bears.
In this timeless children’s tale, a carefree little girl stumbles upon a house in the woods while its occupants, three bears, are away. Being curious, and obnoxiously nosey, she decides to have a look around.
In the living room she tests out their chairs and finds one to be too small, one to be too large, and the third to be just right. Then she gets hungry and makes her way to the kitchen where she finds three bowls of porridge (a word to make oatmeal sound less nasty). The first is too cold, the second is too hot, but the third is just right. After all her exploring and snacking, Goldilocks is getting sleepy so off she goes to find a place to nap. In the bedroom she tests one bed and finds it too soft, the second bed she finds too hard, but the third is just right. We’ll leave the story here because there is some debate as to whether, when the bears get home, they eat Goldilocks, or she escapes having learned a valuable lesson about snooping and personal property.
What has this fable to do with the pursuit of happiness? Our instinct is to expect too much. Our defense mechanism is to expect too little. What we need is the option that is just right. It does exist, and we can find it (without breaking and entering).
As we seek to find right expectations we need to understand where our expectations go wrong. The problem is not simply that we expect too much or too little. It is not just a matter of quantity—how much we expect—but what we expect too much of.
Sometimes we place our expectations on wrong things, like when we expect any happiness to be delivered by things that are sinful. Take, for example, pornography, gossip, workaholism, and greed. We might look to them to deliver happiness, but we will always be left disappointed. Yes, sin stimulates senses and offers immediate pleasure, but it eventually leaves us feeling diminished as people and further from God. Consider your own heart, desires, and motivations for a moment. What aspects of your life you are counting on for happiness that are against God’s expressed will?
Other times we place wrong expectations on right things. This is when we expect things to deliver one kind of happiness, when God actually designed them to give us a different aspect of happiness. So, for example, we look to significant others for spiritual fulfillment. We look to friends to make us feel whole. We look to food and drink to ease anxiety or depression. God gave us these and so many other wonderful gifts to make us happy—profoundly happy—but when we demand of them things God did not intend, we are left empty. This is a subtle, quiet misplacement of expectations that so often starts out right but then goes wrong. So we must consider what good things in our lives have taken too high a place. What would we be enraged at God if we lost? What do we instinctively turn to when we need to numb the pain?
The real crux of our problem is that we expect temporal things to deliver lasting happiness. The issue is not that we expect any happiness from temporal things—God created countless wonderful things, people, places, and experiences to give us genuine happiness. It is that we expect lasting happiness from these things. Even the good things God gives us will not last forever; everything has a lifespan, everything decays. No created thing can fill the void in our lives forever, or even for long.
When we consider how this looks in our lives it can be scary because it is tangential to death. Are we so afraid of the reality of our own death that we refuse to face it in other circumstances: the death of a pet, a car, or a career? If so, we have inflated our expectations of what those things can offer us beyond what God intended.
Finally, we can even expect too much of God. Or rather we expect too much of the wrong things from God—things he never promised to do or give or be. We expect him to work on our preferred time frame. We expect him to give us whatever we ask for. We expect him to be merciful but not wrathful. We expect him to keep us from all difficulty and pain and trial. We expect him to reveal the mysterious and the confusing. Then we find ourselves disappointed when he fails to deliver on our expectations, as if he is beholden to us.
Goldilocks understood something that we often miss: happiness is found in the sweet spot between too much and too little. Happiness is found in expecting the right things of the right things. She tried the extremes but found contentment in the third option. So must we.
There are some promises in a Book,
In which every day I must look.
Seeing there love, hope and peace,
Reading it brings me great release.
Oh dear Book, I love you so.
Through your pages I must go.
You tell me stories of the past,
Through the centuries they did last.
Lord, you speak in every word,
Of deep things rarely heard.
Guiding me through this day,
Holy Spirit, show me the way.
There’s great promises in your Book.
If only I take the time to look.